WHAT ARE SKIN STAINS AND WHY DO THEY OCCUR?
As a result of irregularity in the melanocyte cells that give the skin its color, spots other than its natural color may appear on the skin. Skin spots are mostly caused by long-term exposure to harmful sun rays. Apart from the harmful rays of the sun, the biggest factor in staining the skin is the genetic structure, the use of the wrong cosmetic product on our skin, some chemicals, hormonal drugs (especially birth control pills), disease and pregnancy may result in skin spots.
Skin spots are often seen on areas that are heavily exposed to sunlight, such as the face, hands, back and chest area.
Since these spots occur in the visible areas of our body, they are generally aesthetically inconvenient. In terms of aesthetics, the most uncomfortable spots for many people are the spots on the face. On the other hand, spots can also be a sign of a health problem.
· What Are the Types of Skin Spots?
Acne occurs due to the excessive production of oil by the sebaceous glands in our body, hormonal changes in our body such as puberty, menopause, make-up, excessive sweating, stress, and factors affecting hormones such as depression. They occur in the form of acne, whiteheads, blackheads, nodules, blisters and cysts. If they are squeezed and not treated, they leave stains on the skin. They are especially seen in percent.
Sunspots are one of the most common types of skin spots. They are similar to freckles but larger in size. It is the effects of prolonged exposure to the harmful rays of the sun. In the summer, the colors become darker. Goiter, pregnancy and cosmetic products can also cause sunspots.
Birthmarks, which are mostly brown, gray or black in color, are also formed as a result of discoloration on the skin. It may occur before birth or may occur some time after birth. Although the exact cause is not known yet, they are caused by blood vessels or pigments. While some birthmarks appear only with the color change in the skin, some may also be in the form of thickened skin and swelling. It is generally harmless. However, a dermatologist’s opinion should still be sought.
They are harmless spots that appear brown or yellow in color, especially in light-skinned people. Freckles, which can occur in childhood as well as in later ages, show more of our structural features.
Conditions That Cause Skin Rashes
Skin diseases such as rosacea, psoriasis, and eczema can cause blemishes.
In addition, stains may occur as a result of damage to the skin due to methods such as waxing, shaving, plucking.
They are white spots that occur on the skin as a result of underproduction or death of melanocyte cells. The factors that cause vitiligo on the skin are still unknown. The most common thought is that it is caused by genetic factors.
Unlike vitiligo, they are dark spots that occur as a result of too much production of melanin pigments that give color to the skin. It comes in black or brown.
Hormonal changes (pregnancy, birth control pills), sun rays, cosmetics and genetic factors can cause melasma to form.
In some types of skin cancer, different spots and lesions may occur on the skin. Although it is possible to get rid of the disease after cancer treatment, permanent stains may occur on the skin afterwards.